ERIC Number: ED345440
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Potential Underutilization of Part H Services: An Empirical Study of National Demographic Factors.
Arcia, Emily; And Others
In order to suggest policies aimed at preventing underutilization of early intervention services by typically underserved populations, this study reviewed the literature on utilization of health and social services, devised a generic model of service utilization, and examined the national distribution of several of the model's factors. The model of service utilization considers predisposing family factors, the family's perception of their problem, and enabling factors for services that can address the problem. Data were tabulated from the 1991 Current Population Survey which included approximately 62,500 households. Data concerning family sociodemographic factors associated with underutilization of health and social services were analyzed, considering ethnicity, income, maternal employment, family composition, maternal education, family size, and maternal age. Four types of policies are recommended to facilitate the participation of families who are typically underserved: policies that impact on families' perception of problems and needs, policies that enhance the enabling factors, policies that empower families, and policies that monitor and support services to minorities. The study's strongest recommendation is that policies that are deemed important should be planned for and instituted at the state or federal level rather than be left to the discretion of local service providers. (32 references) (JDD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Carolina Inst. for Child and Family Policy.
Identifiers: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Part H; Service Utilization