ERIC Number: ED345369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Schools for the 21st Century Program in Washington State: A Case Study.
Fry, Patricia; And Others
This case study reports on a program that permits waivers of individual rules in order to encourage local innovation. Enacted in 1989, Washington State's Schools for the 21st Century program allows participating schools and districts to request waivers from state rules believed to impede restructuring efforts. The pilot project also supplies funding for 10-day supplemental contracts for instructional staff and for special support assistance and services. This paper describes the program's political and demographic setting and discusses program development, implementation, and provisions. The paper also examines specific projects in three schools. The case study draws from a review of documents and interviews with school principals, project coordinators, state-level personnel, and business leaders. The 21st Century program represents a compromise between the governor's desire to support teacher planning time and the legislature's need to see that the extra time promotes a well-defined purpose. Project sites made little use of the waiver provision; all three sites found barriers (such as lack of funding, skepticism, and weak district support) that were more challenging than regulation. Although the waiver provisions probably heightened innovation expectations for 21st Century Schools and were useful in clarifying the role of regulation as a barrier to change, these provisions did not fundamentally shape response to the 21st Century program. (11 references) (MLH)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Innovation, Elementary Secondary Education, Pilot Projects, School District Autonomy, School Restructuring, State Legislation, State School District Relationship
Publications, Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1568 ($7.00 prepaid; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, New Brunswick, NJ.
Identifiers: State Regulation; Waivers; Washington