ERIC Number: ED345139
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attributions in Rape: Effects of Type of Rape and Victim Power Strategy.
DeLamarter, William A.; Westervelt, Karen E.
Recent trials have brought the issue of date rape into public awareness. It is appropriate to examine the impact of variables such as the appearance of the accuser, the relationship between the accuser and the defendant, and the behavior of the accuser and defendant on attributions of responsibility in a rape situation. This study manipulated subject sex, type of rape (stranger versus acquaintance), and the power strategy (indirect/unilateral versus direct/bilateral) used by the rape victim to resist her assailant. College student subjects (N=87) read what they were told were excerpts from police interviews with both a rape victim and her assailant. In all conditions the victim was described as a 20-year-old college junior who was assaulted in her apartment near campus. The defendant was described as a 22-year-old without a criminal record or any trouble with the law. At the end of the transcript subjects were informed that the defendant was tried and convicted of rape. While subject sex did not affect attributions of assailant responsibility, females saw the scenario as more likely and serious than males. Also, females felt more empathy for the victim in stranger than acquaintance rape. While empathy for the assailant was greatest when the victim used an indirect/unilateral strategy in acquaintance rape, empathy for the assailant in stranger rape was greater when the victim used a direct/bilateral strategy. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (63rd, Boston, MA, April 3-5, 1992).