ERIC Number: ED345119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Suggestions for Organization of Student Counseling Services in China by Applying the Harvard Model.
Education should help students with their intellectual as well as emotional growth. The counseling center at Harvard University, called the Bureau of Study Counsel, assumes that students' dilemmas are not simply academic. Generally, there are three kinds of services at the Harvard Bureau of Study Counsel: didactic-cognitive techniques; group interventions; and individual counseling or psychotherapy. In general, the Harvard Bureau of Study Counsel may be characterized by three distinctive features: a dual emphasis on students' mental as well as intellectual well-being, a clinical/developmental perspective to understanding of students' problems, and a wide variety of services to students. Although these principles can provide a model for Chinese college counselors to organize their counseling services, there are significant social and cultural differences between America and China which would make it difficult for the Harvard model to be directly transplanted to Chinese universities. To help with such a process, Chinese counselors must first develop extensive outreach programs to educate students about the relationship between one's mental well-being and his intellectual functioning. Next, the Chinese counselor should respect the individuality of the student, and attempt to establish a genuine relationship with the student. The Chinese counselor should organize groups and workshops on issues of common concerns to students, and should set up short training programs for well-qualified counselors. Finally, a regular supervision system should be instituted. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Originally presented at the Research Symposium on Education Reforms in East Asia (Charlottesville, VA, November 9-11, 1989).