ERIC Number: ED344405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Conceptions of Intelligence and Giftedness.
This paper presents a review of the major ideas on the nature of intelligence and giftedness. Especially noted are theories of Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg, and J.P. Das. Gardner expanded traditional notions of intelligence to include such talents as spatial ability, musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, and interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences. Sternberg identified seven metaphors for the mind and intelligence (geographic, computational, biological, epistemological, anthropological, sociological, and systems) and proposed a triarchic theory of intelligence consisting of three elements: metacomponents, performance components, and knowledge acquisition components. Subtheories specify the internal mental mechanisms that lead to intelligent behavior, the role of experience, and adaptation to the external world. The work of Das follows the ideas of the Russian psychologist, A.F. Luria. It sees the brain as involving an arousal system, a sensory reception and integration system, and a system for programming, regulation and verification of activity. A model of information integration replacing the conventional model of intelligence has been developed based upon planning, attention, simultaneous and successive processes. Also noted are ideas of Joseph Renzulli and others and the political implications of these ideas for gifted education in Ohio. (21 references) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Das (J P); Gardner (Howard); Luria (A R); Renzulli (Joseph); Sternberg (Robert)
Note: In: Challenges in Gifted Education: Developing Potential and Investing in Knowledge for the 21st Century; see EC 301 131.