ERIC Number: ED344293
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Planning: Reflecting on the Past and Its Prospects for the Future.
An overview of developments in educational planning from the 1960s through the 1990s is presented in this paper. Based on the definition of educational planning as "a technique for choosing resources and objectives in accordance with a standard," successful planning requires realistic objectives, effective means, and compatibility between objectives and means. The first section describes educational planning in the 1960s, which focused on accelerating educational development, the school, and quantitative measures. The next section concludes that despite questions raised by cultural upheavals of the 1960s, planners in the 1970s continued to use a government-focused approach. During the 1980s, a world economic crisis changed the concept of educational planning in developing countries; a shift in emphasis took place from developing a work force to an "intellectual force" and from government to private-sector support. In the 1990s, the future of educational planning depends on each nation's context; each nation should modify its outlook by developing scenarios; understanding the link to social and economic contexts; and designing pragmatic and operational plans. Six conditions for improving the feasibility of educational planning are outlined and include the following: (1) methods should be consistent with objectives; (2) training should be extended to all who are involved in the planning process; and (3) evaluation should be based on regularly collected data. Information on the International Institute for Educational Planning's (IIEP) purpose and members is included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Development, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Long Range Planning
International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9 rue Eugene-Delacroix, 75116 Paris, France.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Note: Also available in French and Spanish editions. Reviewed version of a paper presented at meeting sponsored by the Santillana Foundation (Madrid, Spain, December 11-15, 1989).