ERIC Number: ED344163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-4
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents' View of Family Functioning: A Validation of the RES.
Chambliss, Catherine; And Others
The contextual model argues that people in a relationship must experience a sense of loyalty, fairness, and reciprocity in order to build commitment and trust and provide ongoing mutual care. The Relational Ethics Scale (RES), which assess key relational variables, was developed for use in empirical research to test the theoretical framework of this model. In this study, the Family/RES and Friend/RES were administered to adolescents from functional and dysfunctional families to determine if contextual variables could distinguish between these two types of families, for adolescents as they have for adults in previous research. Subjects from dysfunctional families were 32 female and 18 male state-adjudicated dependent adolescents removed from their homes due to severe parental problems. Subjects from functional families were 125 female and 90 male high school students who lived with at least one parent or guardian. The findings revealed that adolescents from dysfunctional families rated their families more negatively than did adolescents from functional families. All subjects rated sibling relationships more positively than family relationships, and friendships were rated more positively than sibling relationships. The quality of the sibling relationship correlated positively with the quality of friendships. Females rated friendships more positively on loyalty issues than did males. Adolescents from functional families rated friendships higher on trust than did adolescents from dysfunctional families. All adolescents reported seeking closer relationships with their families. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Relational Ethics Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Delaware Valley Consortium of Colleges and Universities (5th, Collegeville, PA, April 4, 1992).