ERIC Number: ED344114
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Cross-Cultural Counseling and Neurolinguistic Mirroring: An Exploration of Empathy, Trustworthiness, and Positive Interaction with Native American Adolescents.
Sandhu, Daya S.; And Others
The quality of the therapeutic relationship is a prime consideration in counseling and psychotherapy. Good rapport in the counseling relationship has consistently been associated with beneficial changes. This study examined the effects of neurolinguistic mirroring versus non-mirroring of selected nonverbal behaviors on empathy, trustworthiness, and positive interaction in a cross-cultural setting. Choctaw adolescents (N=60) between 14 and 19 years of age were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Two Caucasian female counselors mirrored and non-mirrored equal numbers of subjects for 10 minutes. Each dyad was videotaped. Data were collected by using the revised empathy scale of the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory and the trustworthiness dimension of the Counselor Rating Form to assess the degree of empathy and trustworthiness as perceived by the subjects. Each videotaped dyad was rated with the Leathers Non-verbal Feedback Rating Instrument. The findings suggest that mirroring of kinesics enhances clients' perceived empathy, at least with adolescents of a different culture than their counselors. The significance of these mirroring meta-tactics lies in the fact that they may be helpful in both mono- and cross-cultural counseling. In the presence of barriers between the clients and the counselors relating to differences of languages, world views, values, and a host of other factors, this technique may prove effective in the initial stages of counseling. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Neurolinguistic Mirroring
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Counseling and Development (Baltimore, MD, March 27-30, 1992).