ERIC Number: ED343934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Appropriateness of the SAT in Selecting Students for Admission to California State University, Hayward.
Cowen, Sheila; Fiori, Sandra J.
Admission to the California State University system is based on an eligibility index (EI) that considers high school grade point average (GPA) and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) or American College Test (ACT) scores. Whether the SAT adds to the accuracy of prediction of college success or is redundant, and whether it is biased against specific subgroups were studied by examining college performance of two freshman cohorts at California State University (Hayward) (CSUH): 762 regularly processed students who completed an academic year's work in one calendar year, and 210 regularly admitted students who took longer to complete an academic year of work (students with slower progress). Age, gender, ethnicity, high school GPA, SAT scores, and freshman GPA were collected for 823 of these students and quantitative college GPA was calculated for the 660 who had taken at least one mathematics or mathematics-related course at CSUH. For regularly admitted students, the addition of the SAT to high school GPA increases the predictability of overall freshman GPA and quantitative GPA a small but significant amount for all gender and ethnic subgroups. For the slower progressing students, prediction is much more difficult using SAT or high school GPA. The present SAT does not appear biased or redundant for regularly progressing students, but better predictors should be sought for college performance in general. Eight tables present study findings. A 23-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Comparative Testing, Eligibility, Ethnic Groups, Grade Point Average, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Students, Predictive Validity, Predictor Variables, Sex Differences, Test Bias, Test Use, Test Validity
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: American College Testing Program; California State University Hayward; Scholastic Aptitude Test
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, November 14-15, 1991).