ERIC Number: ED343819
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Lessons from Japan.
Elements of the Japanese educational system were examined to determine if they could be incorporated into U.S. practices. Research was reviewed in five areas, and annotations for each section were organized chronologically beginning with the most recent. The five areas covered were: (1) differences in test scores of achievement and cognitive ability; (2) the general framework of the Japanese educational system; (3) problems created by the structure of the system; (4) teachers and instruction; and (5) the movement for reform in Japan's schools. Possible answers for the dramatic differences in achievement between students in Japan and the United States included the structure of the Japanese education system with its standardized curriculum and text-books, national standardized tests, and the amount of time devoted to each subject. However, these methods have their problems, including a heavy emphasis on memorization of facts and test taking techniques, high suicide rate due to pressure to succeed, and other stress related social problems such as bullying. After considering these and other factors, nine recommendations to improve the U.S. educational system were made. These included: (1) more parental involvement; (2) increased salaries for teachers comparable to other professions; (3) a longer academic year; and (4) higher expectations and standards for student achievement. (KM)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies; Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Study directed by Charles R. DuVall. Exit Project, Indiana University at South Bend.