ERIC Number: ED343663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Reasoning Skills and the Curriculum. (A Final Report of the Threshold Project). Soling 18.
Macdonald, C. A.
The Threshold Project focuses on the language and learning difficulties that children in Southern African schools experience when they change from their mother tongue to English as a medium of instruction in their fifth year of schooling. This report discusses Threshold Project research relating to the nature of pupils' cognitive capacities and the ways in which pupils approach certain types of problem-solving tasks. Chapter 1 provides background on the Threshold Project and discussion of reasoning as an explanatory construct, social interest in reasoning skills, and the relation between culture and the curriculum. Chapter 2 provides an overview of theories of intellectual competence and their implications for curriculum development, focusing on: (1) Piagetian genetic epistemology; (2) information process systems approaches; (3) metacognition as a theoretical construct; (4) Pascual-Leone's theory of constructive operators; (5) cross-cultural cognitive psychology; (6) the neo-Piagetian model of Le Bonniec; and (7) the Vygotskian paradigm of cognitive development. Chapter 3 covers approaches to the teaching of thinking that concentrate on cognitive operations, an orientation towards heuristics, formal thinking, thinking through language and other systems, and thinking about thinking. Finally, Chapter 4 presents a model for the place of thinking in the curriculum and concludes with a summary of practical implications. (AC)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Curriculum Development, Developmental Psychology, Elementary Education, Elementary School Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Language of Instruction, Learning Theories, Metacognition, Piagetian Theory, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Theory Practice Relationship, Thinking Skills
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria (South Africa). Inst. for Research into Language and Arts.
Identifiers: South Africa
Note: Title given on inside title page is: "Ballpoint Pens and Braided Hair: An Analysis of Reasoning Skills and the Curriculum."