ERIC Number: ED343390
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
An Aspect of Social Interaction in Communication: Politeness Strategies and Contrastive Foreign-Language Teaching.
A discussion of communicative interaction focuses on the knowledge needed to achieve politeness in different languages, especially how that body of knowledge differs across languages and can be taught in foreign language instruction. It is noted that oral communication must accommodate the existing social order by use of appropriate registers. Linguistic structures expressing politeness exist among these forms and rules of usage. They include lexical and grammatical forms, stylistic options, and some special formulas of usage, which are culture-specific. Use or non-use of the forms can create distinctly beneficial or negative effects in social interaction. They must be taught in an organized manner and through use of simulation of real-life communicative situations. Politeness formulas, while not extensively studied, reflect important linguistic problems of the language systems themselves and for second language instruction. While there exist some similarities in politeness formulas across languages, there are also many differences that become evident through contrastive language study. Without contrastive examination, these aspects of language can be learned in only a fragmentary, unilateral, and sometimes erroneous way. Therefore, mastery of a second language requires an understanding of politeness formulas, and the contrastive approach is required for thorough understanding. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Equality in Language Learning. Proceedings of the Nordic Conference of Applied Linguistics (5th, Jyvaskyla, Finland, June 4-7, 1987); see FL 020 065.