ERIC Number: ED343245
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Longitudinal Effects of Nonpromotion in Junior High School.
Lenarduzzi, Grant; McLaughlin, T. F.
The issue of grade retention and social promotion is still a very controversial topic. The empirical literature assessing the effectiveness of nonpromotion remains mixed. Nonpromotion seems most effective with students in white, suburban, and middle-class school districts. This paper describes a 4-year follow-up to an earlier controlled study by Lenarduzzi and McLaughlin (1990) showing that nonpromotion significantly improved seventh- and eighth-grade students' academic achievement and scholastic effort. The present report evaluated the long-term effectiveness of grade retention and promotion for portions of this same sample, using data gathered over a 4-year period while the students attended junior and senior high school. Of the original sample of 33, 18 student records could be located and examined. All students had attended the same junior and senior secondary school in the school district in rural interior British Columbia, Canada. Results indicated no significant differences for either attendance or grade point average between the promoted and the retained students. In addition, both groups suffered from very high dropout rates. School districts can work with parents of at-risk students and intervene early with skill-based instruction. Possibly, both retained and promoted groups in this study needed building- and system-wide assistance. Until such assistance is provided, the retention/promotion dilemma may be a moot issue. (16 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: British Columbia
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, January 2-5, 1992).