ERIC Number: ED343243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: 0
School Housing for the Schooling of Children.
Ortiz, Flora Ida
The demand for school construction and the agency regulations and practices involved in the process are described in this report. A four-part theoretical framework explains the process of school facility construction. First, school districts follow a process that consists of nine fundamental steps: (1) needs assessment; (2) long-range planning; (3) fiscal planning; (4) school building planning, which includes school-site planning and selection, architectural services, and educational specifications; (5) bidding for contractors; (6) facility construction; (7) occupying the building; (8) postoccupancy evaluation; and (9) school facility use. Second, school districts accomplish these nine steps by coordinating three functions: executive leadership, professional expertise, and representative legitimation. Third, in order for the school district to construct new schools, it is also necessary to relate to external agencies such as the state (for regulation, fiscal allocation, and technical distribution). Fourth, local school district and state officials relate to each other interpersonally as well as interorganizationally. A brief discussion of the historical evolution of school construction is followed by arguments for the importance of school environments and the school structure itself. The conclusion is an indepth review of the nine steps from stage one of the theoretical framework mentioned above. (5 tables and 204 references) (LAP)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Educational Research Cooperative, Riverside.