ERIC Number: ED342126
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Transformational Leadership and School Restructuring.
Leithwood, Kenneth; And Others
Findings from a study that explored the relationship between school restructuring and school leadership are presented in this paper. Specifically, the research examined the processes involved in implementing the Primary Program, the first stage of British Columbia's "Year 2000" plan for the first 4 years of education. A survey of 2,547 teachers and principals in 272 British Columbia elementary schools yielded 770 responses--response rates of 30 and 67 percent for teachers and schools, respectively. Data were also obtained from case studies of six designated lead schools in the Primary Program, in which interviews were conducted with four teachers and the principal at each school. The study examined the relationships among five constructs of school restructuring: out-of-school and in-school processes; organizational and student outcomes; and school leadership. School leadership was operationally defined by transformational and transactional concepts. Findings indicate that: (1) the transformational dimension of school leadership had significant direct effects on in-school processes; and (2) out-of school processes, especially the community, had even greater direct effects on in-school processes than did school leadership. A conclusion is that the concept of transformational leadership is a useful image for understanding the role of principals in postbureaucratic organizations. Five figures are included. (54 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: British Columbia
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, January 1992).