ERIC Number: ED342105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
State Education Reform in the 1980s. CPRE Policy Briefs.
Center for Policy Research in Education.
In 1986, the Center for Policy Research in Education began a 5-year study of the implementation and effects of state education reforms in six states chosen for their diverse approaches: Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania. This issue contains material from an earlier CPRE report providing an interim assessment of 1980s reforms. Five conclusions may be drawn about state policy-making activity: (1) the highest level of state activity involved mandating more academic courses and changing teacher certification and compensation policies; (2) states tended to reject complex reform recommendations in favor of more manageable ones; (3) most state reform packages lacked coherence; (4) states exhibited no clear directional shift from the first reform wave to the second; and (5) economic expansion, although crucial to reform, was not the sole causal factor. There was little school district resistance to reforms increasing academic content. School districts carried out much of the restructuring agenda; some districts were actively using state policies to promote local priorities. States have been only modestly successful at achieving the educational goals expressed in "A Nation at Risk." The 1980s reform policies are first steps in a long-term process. CPRE recommends that schools find the best mix of state standard-setting and local creativity; match policies to problems; and coordinate reform policies. (11 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Policy Research in Education.
Identifiers: Arizona; California; Florida; Georgia; Minnesota; Pennsylvania