ERIC Number: ED342045
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Lack of Political Cartoons in the People's Republic of China.
Political cartoons do not appear in the government-controlled press in the People's Republic of China. The cartoons that do appear in newspapers are good-natured and lacking in any type of political message. Chinese civilization has a 5,000-year history that is grounded in feudalism and must be considered in any analysis of Chinese society. Since the massacre in Tiananmen Square, the government has begun a crackdown on dissent and a re-education campaign is underway. The press has begun promoting a government-subsidized hero, Lei Feng (as a mild form of political cartoon). The media in China often carry warnings to writers and artists to recall their "social responsibility" and refrain from expressing "corrupt" ideas. A typical cartoon that was promoted by the Chinese government was an educational cartoon series, directed at children and adults, that dealt with correct solutions to social problems. A review of contemporary press sources makes it clear that the student protest movement of 1989 brought on a period of unusual press freedom in China until the movement was crushed by government forces. After the government crackdown on dissent, freedom of the press left China as quickly as it came. The experience of 1989 suggests that if the Chinese government loosens its grip on the media, the result will be more politically oriented cartoons with themes unpreferred by the government. (Seventeen references are attached.) (SG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: China; Media Government Relationship; Political Cartoons
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (77th, Atlanta, GA, October 31-November 3, 1991).