ERIC Number: ED342042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May-24
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching on the Foam of Discourse: Genealogical Perspectives on the Emergence of Speech and Communication as Academic Disciplines.
Macke, Frank J.
This essay examines and explicates the nature and pattern of epistemic transformations undergone by the United States academic discipline known as "speech communication." The system of examination and explication employed in the paper follows Michel Foucault's genealogical method of inquiry and, as such, offers a postmodern critical "history" of the relationship of "speech" to "communication" as matters of pedagogy and research in the 19th and 20th century academic praxis. The opening section of the paper problematizes the notion of historical inquiry, justifying postmodern rhetoric as a preferable approach to critique and epistemology. The second section problematizes the "history" of speech communication, particularly the supposition that the study and teaching of speech (as elocution) evolved into the modern, sophisticated social science of communication. The third section explores the dialectical tension between communication and speech. Specifically, the paper uses a close reading of Michael Burgoon's article, "On Divorcing Dame Speech," as a paradigm case of the rhetoric of evolution and disciplinary progress as applied to the speech communication discipline. The final section reconceptualizes the tension between "speech" (as "parole," or the discourse of lived body experience) and "communication" (as effective, i.e., communicative, speech, or practical discourse) in an attempt to formulate a network of tropological relations wherein the "body" of speech is subject to the arbitrary discipline of communication science. Forty-five references are attached. (Author/SG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Foucault (Michel)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (41st, Chicago, IL, May 23-27, 1991).