ERIC Number: ED341840
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Women in Workplace: Vocational Education and Segregated Division of Labor.
Lasonen, Johanna; Burge, Penny L.
The United States and Finland show a clear gender stratification in work life. The uneven, gender-biased division of labor has been maintained, even though about half of the total U.S. and Finnish labor force are women. In both countries, female students tend to make traditional occupational choices that prepare them for low-paying fields where career development and mobility are restricted. Legislation promoting gender equity and equal rights has been enacted to correct both the gender-segregated division of labor and uneven job advancement. Along with influences from legislative mandates, attitudes of vocational teachers can play a major role in attracting and retaining students in nontraditional programs. A group of 923 Finnish comprehensive vocational institute teachers (494 male, 425 female) were asked to respond to a gender-role attitude scale of 36 items related to the topics of macrolevel social change issues, perceptions of male and female familial roles, stereotypes of both sexes, women's extrafamilial roles, and stereotyping in educational practices. Findings indicate that female teachers hold more modern gender-role attitudes than the male teachers on almost all items. Male teachers tend to support women's housekeeping roles rather than their roles related to career development and leadership. Teacher educators are encouraged to facilitate analyses of gender-role attitudes. (Appendixes include 29 references and data tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Attitude Change, Educational Opportunities, Employed Women, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Foreign Countries, Nondiscriminatory Education, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Segregation, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Sex Fairness, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Teacher Attitudes, Vocational Education, Vocational Education Teachers, Womens Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Finland; Sex Segregation
Note: Paper presented at the American Vocational Association Convention (Los Angeles, CA, December 1991).