ERIC Number: ED341832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Craft Industry in Germany's Social Market Economy. Social Report.
IN Press, n2 1992
Social market economy success in the Federal Republic of Germany is due to free competition, enterprise in the business community, and employees' social security. Craft industries play a major role in Germany's market economy. The craft industry is second only to the manufacturing industry, comprising 23 percent of German firms. There are seven craft trades: building and fitting-out; metalworking; woodworking; garment, textile, and leather; food processing; health and body care professions and chemical and cleaning; and glass, paper, ceramic, and others. The craft industry is organized into guilds, each represented by a district trades council; regional associations; federal guild associations; chambers of handicrafts; the German Trades Council; and the Central German Trades Association. A dual-track system permits apprentices to receive practical training from employers and attend a technical college for theoretical and administrative knowledge. Other major areas of operation are services and repairs. Since Germany's reunification, the craft industry has focused on five areas: (1) individual business consultancy and information services; (2) technological adaptation and research/development activities; (3) federal retraining courses and other educational and social measures; (4) industry promotion; and (5) using public funds for new ventures. Craft firms need information about the changing framework of economic conditions. (Four tables and four addresses for further information are included.) (NLA)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Building Trades, Craft Workers, Economic Change, Fashion Industry, Financial Support, Food Service, Foreign Countries, Free Enterprise System, Health Occupations, Information Services, Metal Working, On the Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Research and Development, Retraining, Small Businesses, Technological Advancement, Trade and Industrial Education, Woodworking
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Inter Nationes, Bonn (Germany).