ERIC Number: ED341781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Secondary Trade and Industrial Education Work Values Instruction: Emancipatory or Indoctrinational?
Gregson, James A.; Bettis, Pamela J.
Work attitudes and values taught by secondary trade and industrial instructors were identified through interviews with a sample of 50 trade and industrial instructors from 11 educational regions across Virginia. The study also assessed the attitudes and values as to whether they contributed to producing a compliant labor force or a critically thinking one and explored whether work values and attitudes were taught primarily through critical democratic or indoctrinational pedagogical strategies. In semistructured interviews, respondents identified work values and attitudes they taught to students, named a pedagogical technique they used to teach each work value or attitude, and described one event in which they believed they were effective in teaching work values and attitudes. Results indicated that successful secondary trade and industrial instructors taught work values and attitudes recognized in the vocational education literature and by employers as being most important. Findings did not support the contention that vocational educators use primarily indoctrinational strategies to teach work values and attitudes. Although reward structure and role modeling were used extensively, more democratic strategies, such as group discussion, one-on-one counseling, and role playing, were also frequently used. However, these more democratic teaching strategies were not necessarily emancipatory. (Appendixes include a list of 42 references and 2 data tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Classroom Techniques, Critical Thinking, Educational Research, Employment Potential, Job Skills, Labor Force Development, Literature Reviews, Moral Values, Secondary Education, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Trade and Industrial Education, Trade and Industrial Teachers, Work Attitudes, Work Ethic
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Indoctrination; Virginia
Note: Paper presented at the American Vocational Association Convention (Los Angeles, CA, December 1991).