ERIC Number: ED341507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Preferred Child Care Education Service: The Quality of Te Kohanga Reo.
Farquhar, Sarah-Eve; Laws, Karina
After six decades of supposed equal resource sharing among all cultural groups, in 1982 the first Maori-initiated and operated child care center opened in New Zealand. Called a "Kohanga Reo" ("language nest"), it inaugurated a new movement, and by 1990 there were 612 such centers. This paper first describes the characteristics of Te Kohanga Reo programs, and then reports on a research study of parent attitudes toward them. Te Kohanga Reo are early childhood centers for the care and education of young children and the delivery of services to families. Most provide full-day care. They operate in a variety of settings, such as schools, community houses, private homes, churches, or Marae (Maori meeting places). They are licensed by the Ministry of Education. The centers feature immersion of children in the Maori language and culture, and "whanau" development: the involvement of Maori elders in Kohanga operation. Te Kohanga Reo is aimed at developing bilingual and bicultural children who can interact competently in both Maori and Pakeha worlds. The early education program fuses children's cultural needs with their developmental needs. Findings from a survey of 12 families in two programs suggest a high degree of congruency between people's aspirations and the pedagogy of Te Kohanga Reo. Contains 15 references. (LB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aboriginal People; Maori (Language); Maori (People); New Zealand; Te Kohanga Reo (New Zealand)
Note: Paper presented at the Early Childhood Convention (5th, Dunedin, New Zealand, September 8-12, 1991). For related papers, see PS 020 300-301 and PS 020 307.