ERIC Number: ED341482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-9
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Daily Opportunities To Draw and Write on Kindergarten Children's Ability To Represent Phonemes in their Spelling Inventions.
Partridge, M. Elizabeth; And Others
This quasi-experimental study measured the effects of daily opportunities to draw and write on kindergarten children's ability to represent phonemes in their spelling inventions. All students involved in the study had previously been tested using the Gesell School Readiness Screening Test and placed in developmentally appropriate kindergarten programs. A total of 88 kindergarteners in 4 classes (2 developmentally younger and 2 developmentally older) participated in the study. Children in the experimental groups received daily opportunities to draw and write, while those in the control group received weekly opportunities. During the study, both treatment and both control groups continued their regular program of study: a whole-language approach which included shared-book activities, language experience activities, and exposure to the writing process. Results indicated that kindergarten students' daily participation in discussions about books, and in language and writing activities, was effective in enhancing their phonemic representations in spelling inventions. When compared with kindergarten children who participated in writing activities only once a week, subjects in the experimental group who wrote daily scored significantly higher in their invented spelling ability. Appended are 11 references and related materials. (Author/GLR)
Descriptors: Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Emergent Literacy, Free Writing, Freehand Drawing, Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children, Language Experience Approach, Literacy, Opportunities, Phonemic Awareness, Preschool Education, Primary Education, Quasiexperimental Design, Reading Writing Relationship, Teaching Methods, Whole Language Approach, Writing Processes
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Gesell School Readiness Test
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (Denver, CO, November 7-9, 1991).