ERIC Number: ED341479
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Language Concepts That Low- and Middle-Class Four-Year-Olds Bring to Preschool.
Robinson, Susan Smith; Dixon, Rhonda G.
This study compared the concepts of oral and written language of 4-year-old, preschool children from low- and middle-class homes. Subjects were 64 children from 3 preschools serving families at poverty level, and 3 preschools serving middle-income families. Children's understanding of the function of print was measured by three tasks: recognizing environmental print, identifying literacy artifacts, and describing the functions of literacy objects. Children's understanding of the form and structure of print was measured by six tasks: (1) identifying alternative forms of written language; (2) identifying letter names; (3) identifying letter sounds; (4) blending syllables into words; (5) blending phonemes into words; and (6) constructing invented spellings. Parents completed a questionnaire that measured the frequency and quality of literacy experiences in which parents engaged with their children. Results indicated that children from middle-class families outperformed children from low-income homes on eight of the nine tasks. Differences were found between middle-class and low-income parents' reports of frequency and quality of literacy experiences with their children. A list of 18 references is provided. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Drake Univ., Des Moines, IA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Print Awareness; Print Media
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference (Palm Springs, CA, December, 1991).