ERIC Number: ED341456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Search for Meaning in Factor Analytically Derived Dimensions.
This paper discusses the development of instruments to measure individual differences in behavior during infancy. The Infant Temperament Questionnaire (ITQ), which was designed to measure the temperament dimensions identified by the New York Longitudinal Study (NYLS), constituted the methodological starting point in the search for a dimensional description of infant temperament. The Baby Behavior Questionnaire (BBQ) was constructed and administered to 791 infants between 3 and 10 months of age. The Toddler Behavior Questionnaire (TBQ) was constructed and administered to 357 infants between 11 and 15 months of age. Identified factors were required to exhibit unidimensionality, that is, relationship to a unifying element; generality across several situations; and stability across samples. Seven factors identified in both instruments included intensity and activity, regularity, approach-withdrawal, sensory sensitivity, attentiveness, manageability, and sensitivity to new food. In addition, an adaptability factor was identified for the TBQ. These factors were not close replicates of NYLS dimensions. Although previous research suggested that a manageability factor would be representative of infant irritability, the identified manageability factor was unexpectedly constituted of a broad conglomerate of diverse behaviors. A list of 19 references is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Baby Behavior Questionnaire; Irritability; Self Management (Psychology); Toddler Behavior Questionnaire
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).