ERIC Number: ED341291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Relational Propositions in Text Comprehension Processes.
This study is based on the assumption that texts are composed of two kinds of propositions: lexical and relational. Lexical propositions account for semantic relations within a clause, and they can be described as semantic role relations between a lexical predicate and its arguments. Relational propositions account for functional relations among clauses, sentences, and passages of any size. The terms "rhetorical" and "relational proposition" are used synonymously. Lexical propositions are in the text and are lexically and grammatically signalled, whereas relational or rhetorical propositions are not unambiguously signalled. The question of how rhetorical relations are understood by readers of texts is addressed, and two empirical studies are reported briefly that seem to support the following hypotheses: (1) at least in some text comprehension tasks, relationship propositions seem to be identified with some degree of consensus; and (2) comprehension of relational propositions may figure more consciously and explicitly in some demanding text comprehension tasks such as translation. It is concluded that more research is needed to determine whether it is realistic to assume that a battery of rhetorical relations can be delineated so accurately that readers can be taught to identify them with a great degree of consensus. (LB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Propositional Analysis
Note: In: Communication and Discourse across Cultures and Languages. AFinLa Yearbook 1991; see FL 020 041.