ERIC Number: ED341148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Conceptual Understanding of Administrative Stress.
Gmelch, Walter H.
Since 1980, over 70 studies have explored the causes, responses, and consequences of administrative stress. Few studies have used physiological measures to decipher administrative reactions and consequences of stress. This document briefly traces the historical development of stress and reviews various approaches, models, and definitions used in studying stress. In an effort to integrate the various approaches to the study of stress and utilize the salient features of existing stress models, a Managerial Stress Cycle is described. Four stages of this cycle include: (1) demands or stressors; (2) perception of stressors; (3) response to perceived stressors; and (4) consequences of responses. Each stage in the cycle is moderated by a secondary filter composed of a person's personality, predisposition, and demographic considerations. The Managerial Stress Cycle attempts to provide a broad perspective from which to view stress in schools. According to the definition of stress consistent with this new stress cycle, a particular stressor can be negative or positive, depending on the manager's perception. Six models of stress are appended. (38 references) (LAP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Administrative Stress
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).