ERIC Number: ED340078
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
How Educational Are the Educators: A Content Analysis of Informative Speaking Ballots.
Wright, Kelly Jo
A study investigated the extent to which forensic judges used educational comments when writing ballots. A total of 140 informative speaking ballots were collected from tournaments in Mississippi, Colorado, and Arkansas. After the ballot comments were sorted into five categories (basic comments, educational comments, descriptive comments, personal comments, and questions), the coded information was entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) computer statistics program. The SPSS program was used to figure the percentage of each categorized comment per ballot, and the average of each category overall. Results showed that basic comments made up almost one-half (47%) of the comments, followed by educational comments (30%), and with the other 3 categories totaling 22% of all comments. This meant that over two-thirds of all comments were non-educational in nature. Results also showed a definite relationship between ballot rank and the number of comments in specific categories. Results imply that the only way to solve the problems of inadequate comments on judging ballots is through awareness and training, as some judges are unaware of the importance and value of educational comments. Three approaches may help to overcome these problems; (1) provide ballot inserts that explain how to effectively write comments; (2) offer judging workshops; and (3) allow extra time for judges to write comments. (PRA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Debate Coaches; Debate Tournaments; Statistical Package for the Social Sciences
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (77th, Atlanta, GA, October 31-November 3, 1991).