ERIC Number: ED339974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Human Service Employees Coping with Job Stress, Family Stress and Work-Family Conflict.
Carbone, Dominic J.
The intersection of work and family life has always been a popular topic of discussion among family theorists. This study examined human service employees in direct service positions coping with work stress, family stress, and work-family conflict. The effects of work stress, family stress and work-family conflict on depression were examined. Depression was defined as the chronic experience of dysphoric mood accompanied by multiple chronic somatic complaints, and the maintenance of negative and anhedonic beliefs. Subjects met the following criteria: (1) married or cohabiting with an opposite-sex partner; (2) working full-time; and (3) having some direct contact with agency clientele while delivering human services. There were 86 women and 34 men, with 72 married with children and 48 cohabiting. The sample reported moderate levels of work stress, family stress, economic stress, and low levels of parenting stress. Work-family conflict was moderate, while depression was low. Family-restructuring and emotion-focused coping levels were moderate and work-restructuring was low. The assumption that human service workers would report high levels of stress might have been violated because the sample experienced little stress or subjects were reluctant to report stress. The only significant gender difference was that women reported higher levels of family restructuring than men. This may indicate that women continue to maintain a primary commitment to childcare and household duties. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Family Work Relationship