ERIC Number: ED339867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Improving the Effectiveness of the Employment Service: Defining the Issues. Research Report 91-01.
Ainsworth, Robert G.
The Employment Service (ES) was established by the Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933. The act established a nationwide network of state-operated, federally financed employment service offices to match workers to jobs. The following services are performed by the ES: employment counseling, special assistance to target populations, the "work test" for unemployment insurance claimants, certification of individuals for a tax credit program, enforcement and compliance activities, and labor market information. Additional responsibilities include placement of veterans, addressing post-World War II employment trends, importation of foreign workers, and services to dislocated workers. The ES has served millions of persons. Five key issues may improve employment service operations: (1) the role of ES--whom should it serve and what services should be provided; (2) the relationship between ES and Job Training Partnership Act; (3) the appropriate role of the ES in administering the "work test"; (4) the role of the ES in enforcement and compliance activities; and (5) financing the ES and allocation of resources. ES programs and agencies can coordinate when objectives are well specified. (Endnotes, 41 references and 2 appendices are included. Appendix A contains a list of witnesses at two hearings on "Improving the Effectiveness of the Employment System" and appendix B lists other individuals providing testimony.) (NLA)
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Cooperative Programs, Coordination, Dislocated Workers, Employment Counselors, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Services, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Foreign Workers, Labor Market, Law Enforcement, Program Effectiveness, Tax Credits, Unemployment, Veterans
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Employment Service; Job Training Partnership Act 1982