ERIC Number: ED339612
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Back to Square One: Interrelationships among Problem Solving, Attitudes toward Mathematics, and SQUARE ONE TV.
Fisch, Shalom M.; Hall, Eve R.
Proponents of mathematics education reform have emphasized both cognitive and attitudinal goals, seeking improvement in children's problem-solving skills and in their attitudes toward mathematics. A pretest/posttest experimental design study examined the effects of SQUARE ONE TV, a television series about mathematics aimed at 8- to 12-year-old children, on the problem-solving behavior and attitudes toward mathematics of 240 fifth graders from 4 public schools in Corpus Christi, Texas. Attitude data was collected from a subgroup of 24 students exposed to 30 SQUARE ONE TV programs and from 24 students in a control group having no SQUARE ONE TV contact. Presented in this paper are the analyses of the relationships between problem solving and attitudes toward mathematics prior to and after contact with SQUARE ONE TV. Models are presented to describe these relationships as suggested by results of the study. Among the implications of the research were the following: (1) specifically designed materials can impact on children's problem-solving behavior and aspects of their attitudes toward mathematics; (2) future research on children's attitudes toward mathematics should employ methods of assessment supplemental to paper-and-pencil scales and study other populations of children; and (3) further questions examining the effects of SQUARE ONE TV on problem solving and attitude change should be studied. (MDH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Childrens Television, Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Tests, Educational Television, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Enrichment Activities, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Student Attitudes, Television Curriculum, Thinking Skills
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Square One TV
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991). For a set of five volumes of research on this topic, see SE 052 595-598. For more related research, see SE 052 599-604.