**ERIC Number:**ED339606

**Record Type:**RIE

**Publication Date:**1990

**Pages:**515

**Abstractor:**N/A

**Reference Count:**N/A

**ISBN:**N/A

**ISSN:**N/A

Children's Attitudes toward Mathematics and the Effects of SQUARE ONE TV--Volume III. Children's Problem-Solving Behavior and Their Attitudes toward Mathematics: A Study of the Effects of SQUARE ONE TV.

Debold, Elizabeth; And Others

The current period in mathematics education can be characterized as one of reform. Many feel that children in the United States are not learning enough appropriate mathematics; these critics are concerned with the specific areas of problem solving and children's conceptions of the nature and uses of mathematics. A pretest/posttest experimental design study examined the effects of SQUARE ONE TV, a television series about mathematics aimed at 8- to 12-year-old children, on the problem-solving behavior and attitudes toward mathematics of 240 fifth graders from 4 public schools in Corpus Christi, Texas. Performance and attitude data were collected from a subgroup of 24 students exposed to 30 SQUARE ONE TV programs and from 24 students in a control group having no SQUARE ONE TV contact. Reported here is children's attitudes toward mathematics and the effects of SQUARE ONE TV, presented in the third of a five volume report. Results are given on four levels of students' attitudes toward mathematics: (1) their understanding of what mathematics is; (2) their perception of the usefulness and importance of mathematics; (3) their motivation concerning mathematics and the problem solving reflected in the problem solving activities; and (4) their enjoyment of mathematics and problem solving. The analyses of change indicated that SQUARE ONE TV viewers became more motivated by engagement with problems, made a greater number of positive enjoyment statements, and derived enjoyment from thinking and figuring out solutions. Students' beliefs about mathematics and its perceived usefulness remained focused on arithmetic with viewers speaking about more advanced mathematical content and more practical and problem-solving mathematics than nonviewers. (MDH)

Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Childrens Television, Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Tests, Educational Television, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Enrichment Activities, Mathematical Applications, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Student Attitudes, Television Curriculum

**Publication Type:**Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires

**Education Level:**N/A

**Audience:**N/A

**Language:**English

**Sponsor:**Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.

**Authoring Institution:**Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

**Identifiers:**Square One TV

**Note:**For other volumes in this set, see SE 052 595-598. For related documents, see SE 052 599-604.