ERIC Number: ED339456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Coding of Spatial Location by Young Children.
Huttenlocher, Janellen; And Others
A study tested the possibility that children 16-24 months old and 6-7 years old can code distance without the use of landmarks. Younger children sat with their mothers at the side of a sandbox and watched the experimenter hide a toy in the sand. After being distracted, the children looked for the toy in the box. Nine trials were used, with toys hidden at locations six inches apart. For the older children, 19 trials were used, with toys hidden three inches apart. Both groups of children correctly coded the locations of the hidden objects. A second study tested the possibility that children divide space in a hierarchical organization. Children of 4, 6, 8, and 10 years were shown a page which contained a rectangle with a dot and a page with a blank rectangle. Subjects were to draw a dot in the blank rectangle in the same position in which they had seen it in the first rectangle. For subjects of all ages, the pattern of response showed bias outward from the center, and inward from the edges, of the rectangle, indicating that subjects were dividing the space in half in making their location judgments. This pattern is identical to adult patterns of spatial coding. Fourteen figures are attached. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Landmarks; Spatial Tasks
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).