ERIC Number: ED339333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct-31
Reference Count: N/A
Improved Measures of Academic and Social Integration and Their Association with Measures of Student Growth. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Volkwein, J. Fredericks
This study examined 10 educational outcomes reported by a representative group of 1990 seniors (N=536) who entered a public research university in fall 1986. The project tested an improved set of items reflecting scales of academic and social integration and of intellectual and personal growth developed earlier by Pascarella and Terenzini. The study involved four phases. The first examined, via surveys, students' pre-college attitudes and values, and their estimates of their own growth for the entire 4 years. The second developed and tested the new and revised measures of pre-college values and attitudes, of academic and social integration, and of student growth. The third administered a new survey instrument to all 1990 seniors and analyzed the responses. The final stage compared the regression results for the 1990 seniors using the new measures with the regression results for the 1986 results using the previous measures. Findings revealed that the new measures of student pre-college characteristics and college experiences explained between 1% and 23% more variance in growth and outcomes than the old measures. The results suggest that educational outcomes are most heavily influenced by the classroom experience, by student peer linkages and involvement, and by the student's own interests and intellectual investment in learning. Contains 14 references. (Author/GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Boston, MA, October 31-November 3, 1991).