ERIC Number: ED339321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-1
Reference Count: 0
The Role of College Peer Groups and Faculty Reference Groups in the Development of Student Attitudes Toward Race. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Milem, Jeffrey F.
This study examined the role of colleges and universities, particularly faculty environment and student social groups, in shaping the attitudes of students about race. Specifically, the study analyzed the relative importance of the effects of the peer environment, the environment created by faculty, and student involvement in a variety of college experiences in the process of socialization as it relates to changes in student's attitude toward race. Data were derived from four earlier studies conducted between 1985 and 1989. Among the study's findings were the following: (1) women were more likely to be committed to issues of racial awareness than men, and race determined commitment level to these issues; (2) faculty environment and its effects did affect students' attitudes though more profound effects were facilitated by interactions with other students (e.g., membership in a fraternity or sorority served as a negative predictor of commitment to the goal of helping to promote racial understanding); and (3) college activities found to be negative factors included watching television and using a personal computer, while positive activities included participation in racial/cultural awareness workshops, enrollment in ethnic or women's studies classes, socializing with someone of a different racial/ethnic group, and discussion of political/social issues. Contains 17 references. (GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Boston, MA, October 31-November 3, 1991).