ERIC Number: ED339295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Subscription to Norms and Counternorms of Academic Research: The Effects of Departmental Structure and Climate. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Anderson, Melissa S.; Louis, Karen Seashore
This study examined the extent to which graduate students in science and engineering fields subscribe to the norms of research behavior which have been the basis of the freedom, self-direction, and self-regulation which characterize academic research. In particular the study focused on the relationship between academic departments' climates and structures, and the extent to which graduate students subscribe to either norms or counternorms of research. The norms have been defined as universalism (separation of scientific knowledge from personal characteristics), communality (sharing of findings and techniques), disinterestedness (separation of research from personal motives) and organized skepticism (critical, public examination of scientific work). Using a random sample of 2,000 graduate students, 500 each from 4 disciplines (microbiology, chemistry, sociology and civil engineering) from 98 graduate departments, surveys were sent to all by mail and a final response rate of 74 percent was achieved. Analysis demonstrated substantial ambivalence among graduate student about the traditional norms of academic research and also revealed the influence of departmental structure and climate on subscription to the norms. Significant differences were found in the normative orientations of the native versus international students. Included are six figures and 14 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Boston, MA, October 31-November 3, 1991).