ERIC Number: ED339065
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Attitude and Communication in the Electronic Classroom: A Closer Look at the Interactive Television System of Instruction.
Alford, Nancy I.
A study investigated the effects of Interactive Television (ITV--a two-way television system of instruction which is a near replication of face-to-face classroom instruction) on learning. Sixty-seven rural, midwestern high school students who were taking classes via ITV were asked to complete a network analysis survey to identify the frequency of communication interactions students and teachers had with each class member; whether that interaction was personal or social, or work and school related or both; and whether those interactions were face-to-face in class, face-to-face out of class, on the telephone, or across the screen. Students were also administered a field-tested revised student opinion survey, which measured demographics and three dimensions of student attitudes, towards: the class, the technology, and the teacher's use of the technology. A third instrument, the teacher opinion survey, was distributed to the ITV teachers to solicit general information about their teaching experience. Results indicated that remote-site students had consistently less interaction than on-site students, but in total interactions across the screen and total telephone interactions, on-site students generally had a lower mean than remote-site students. Results also indicated that although the teachers appeared to make a concerted effort to mold the multiple sites into one cohesive classroom, they were not completely successful. Results showed that more than three equipment failures per week hindered communication as well. (Seven tables of data are included; 3 appendixes including student opinion surveys and teacher opinion surveys and 30 references are attached.) (PRA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Communication Behavior; Interactive Television
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Communication Association (Chicago, IL, April 11-14, 1991).