ERIC Number: ED338965
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-16
Reference Count: N/A
Using the ABC-X Model To Understand Resilience.
Goddard, H. Wallace; Allen, Jane D.
Many fundamental questions about the functional meaning of resilience remain to be answered. There are many different approaches to resilience. Some studies have described functional characteristics of children who demonstrate resilience, while other studies have looked to the temperament of the child and characteristics of the environment to find predictors of later resilience. In both cases the variables identified as associated with resilience have not converged to form a parsimonious and powerful prediction. It is possible that temperament, development, situation, and the nature of the stressors must be accounted for in an effective model of resilience. Hill (1958) developed the ABC-X model to understand stress and coping. In this model the "A" stands for the provoking event or stressor. The "B" stands for the resources or strengths that the person or family brings to the stressful situation. The "C" stands for the meaning attached to the event, and the "X" stands for crisis and stress. Systematic research on stress may ultimately enable the prediction of the specific outcomes of stressful experiences and situations. Using the ABC-X Model does not answer any of the difficult questions about resilience but it does provide a framework for organizing the insights that come from continuing research in the area. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ABC X Model (Hill)