ERIC Number: ED338460
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Needs Assessment: The Health Status of Migrant Children as They Enter Kindergarten.
Good, Mary Ellen
This paper examines the health needs of migrant children entering kindergarten. An extensive literature review discusses Leininger's model of culture congruent care as it relates to health services for migrant children; describes California's growing Latino and migrant populations; and outlines previous studies on the specific health needs of migrant children. A standardized comprehensive health examination developed by the California Child Health and Disability Prevention program was performed on 112 migrant children, aged 4-6, who were eligible for kindergarten enrollment in a northern California school district. About 63% of the sample had migrated to the area within the last year (current migrant status). The examination identified at least one health need in 62% of subjects; two-thirds of these had multiple needs. In eight of nine areas evaluated, current migrants had at least twice as many abnormal findings as former migrants. The most common health need was dental problems (21%), followed by obesity (19%), lack of immunizations (12%), iron deficiency anemia (10%), and hearing problems (6%). When the range of normal values was adjusted to interpret measurements that fell on the cutoff points as abnormal, the rate of obesity increased to 29% and the rate of anemia increased to 23%. Policy recommendations and implications for school nursing practice are outlined. Appendixes include a data collection form, a sample growth chart, and letters of consent. This paper contains 39 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California (North)
Note: M.S. Thesis, San Jose University. Appendix F, "Consent for Release of Medical Information Form," is not included.