ERIC Number: ED338427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Social and Behavioral Characteristics of Chinese Only Children and Its Research Concern.
Chen, Jie-Qi; Goldsmith, Lynn T.
This study reviews the literature on the social and behavioral characteristics of only children in China. Of 16 studies that reported differences in the characteristics of only and non-only children, only 2 indicated that only children exhibited more socially desirable behaviors than did non-only children. The remaining studies reported that, compared with non-only children, only children were more spoiled, more selfish, less independent, and showed less emotional well-being. However, 13 studies found no differences between only and non-only children. These studies generally concluded that the number of misbehaving children is smaller than the number of well-behaved children regardless of sibling status; and the differences between only and non-only children are quantitative rather than qualitative, and less than the differences within the groups themselves. Further research must consider: (1) the effects of multiple factors, such as parents' formal certificate for having only one child, the one-child policy itself, and the availability of playmates; (2) children as active interactors with their environment; and (3) cultural differences between Chinese and Western children. Future research must correct the methodological shortcomings of existing studies. These shortcomings include an over-reliance on classroom observation and questionnaires, and poor test reliability. A list of 57 references is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Child Behavior; China; Only Children; Population Control
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).