ERIC Number: ED338417
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-18
Reference Count: N/A
A Prospective Study of the Relationships among Role Strain, Self-Esteem, Competence, and Social Support in Early Adolescence.
Fenzel, L. Mickey
This study examined two models of stress in early adolescence during the transition from elementary to middle school. One model suggested that role strain would predict self-esteem, with perceived competence and social support serving as moderators of strain. The second model predicted that self-esteem, perceived competence, and social support would predict school-related strain. The Middle School Transition Study Questionnaire (MSTSQ) was administered to 116 students at three points in time: the spring term of fifth grade, 3 weeks before the end of the school year; and 3 weeks after the beginning of middle school; and again 5 months later. The MSTSQ is composed of instruments that measure students' perceptions of school-related strains, competence, social support, and self-esteem. Results provided support for both models, suggesting a reciprocal process of influence. Social competence played a moderating role in both models. This result suggests that personal coping resources affect adolescent well-being more than social support does. No gender differences were found. A 56-item reference list is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Early Adolescents
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).