ERIC Number: ED338407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Personal Effort Expenditure in Goal-Related Action: Children's Perceptions of Wanting and Trying in Interpersonal Situations.
Jones, Elaine F.; Nelson-Le Gall, Sharon
This study investigated children's perceptions of effort expenditure in goal-related action. A total of 20 kindergartners, 23 second graders, and 25 fifth graders listened to 6 stories that depicted actors using various amounts of effort in pursuit of either a positive or negative goal. Children rated how much the actor wanted to reach the goal, and how much the actor tried to reach the goal. Children were also asked to offer reasons for their ratings. Results indicated that as their age increased, children showed a greater differentiation in ratings of actors' effort expenditures, and their ratings were less affected by positive or negative goal information. Children showed greater differentiation of actors due to effort expenditure in negative goal conditions than in positive goal conditions. The data related to reasoning indicated that, by the second grade, children mentioned quantitative features of action. However, only fifth graders mentioned qualitative features of action. Both ratings and reasoning data suggest developmental differences in children's attention to quantitative and qualitative features of action in others' judgments of an actor's degree of wanting and trying. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Effort; Goal Directed Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).