ERIC Number: ED338404
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start as a Two-Generation Program.
Collins, Raymond C.
In this document, a "two-generation program" is defined as a program "that addresses the developmental needs of children within a family support context." The rationale for Head Start as a two-generation program that includes, but goes beyond, the boundaries of the welfare reform strategy, is explored. Major program goals target parents, other family members, and one or more focal children. The Head Start intervention focuses on the promotion of near-term outcomes for children and their families. Increased attention to the lasting effects of preschool programs underscores the expectations that multigenerational consequences can be anticipated, and such anticipation can help break the intergenerational poverty cycle. Long-term gains can be mediated by Head Start's initial impact on both child and family outcomes. A discussion of Head Start's historical focus on addressing the needs of children in the context of the family and community is followed by the presentation of a conceptual framework for a two-generation model that builds on such programs as Head Start: JOBS, New Chance, and Even Start. Steps for research and evaluation are proposed. Contains 25 references. (LB)
Descriptors: Child Development, Childhood Needs, Delivery Systems, Family Involvement, Family Programs, Federal Programs, Holistic Approach, Innovation, Models, Parent Participation, Poverty Programs, Preschool Education, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, Trend Analysis, Welfare Services, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Project Head Start
Note: Paper presented at the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families' National Working Conference, "New Directions in Child and Family in Child and Family Research: Shaping Head Start in the Nineties" (Arlington, VA, June 24-26, 1991).