ERIC Number: ED338385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Risk Factors and the Process of Empowerment. Bernard van Leer Foundation Studies and Evaluation Papers 1.
Chavez, Maria D.
In 1985, the Early Childhood and Family Education Program (ECFEP) established a preschool in a Hispanic neighborhood in Albuquerque, New Mexico. This paper discusses the risks for families in this community, and the ways in which these risks can be countered by an empowerment process model. The operation of the preschool is intended to empower parents. At the beginning of the school year, parents are timid at meetings with staff; but by the end of the year, parents are developing their own agendas and initiating their own tasks. The ECFEP has been able to facilitate this empowerment process because it has been concerned with the strengths of families and individuals, and guided by the respectful intervention process as described by Father Pantin in this document. As parents become empowered in the process of operating their preschool, they pass successively through several steps; they become observers, learners, collaborators, teachers, leaders, and finally, change agents. Members of the staff evolve from change agents to observers. The research literature on risk factors is reviewed, and risk assessment models are discussed. These models include an additive model and a model of accretion of risks over time. The process of empowerment is illustrated by three case studies. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Identifiers: New Mexico (Albuquerque); Parent Empowerment