ERIC Number: ED338354
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Misleading Information on Children's Memory for a Real-Life Event.
Schwartz-Kenney, Beth M.; Goodman, Gail S.
This study examined the effects of misleading information on children's memory for a real-life event. In play sessions involving an experimenter, 36 6-year-olds and 36 9-year-olds individually participated by playing games with a research assistant. In the sessions, six critical items were present: two items identified the room; two identified the experimenter; and two identified the action. After 2 weeks, children returned and were read a narrative containing four pieces of suggested information and two pieces of novel information they were not exposed to during the first session. Items used in the play session about which the researcher tried to mislead the child (misled event items) were inaccurately described in the narrative by the experimenter. Then the exprimenter showed the children items from the play session (event items) and the narrative (suggested items), and novel items; and asked whether they remembered seeing these items in the play session. There was no difference in responses by age. Children responded more accurately on control event items than misled event items. Memory impairment effects were found for person and room information but not for action information. In a free recall task, there was a significant difference in older children's memory of control and misled items. In a prop selection task, children at both ages chose a higher porportion of control event items over misled event items. Eight references are cited. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHHS/OHDS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Memory Tasks
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).