ERIC Number: ED338036
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Prereading Strategies on EFL Reading by Indonesian College Students Having Different Characteristics.
Diptoadi, Veronica L.
An Indonesian study on prereading strategies for reading in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is reported. Three areas were examined: (1) differences in the reading achievement of groups receiving AO ("advance organizer" or meaningful verbal learning, based on the learning theory of David Ausubel) techniques or "Daftar Kata-Kata Pokok" (DKP, or key-word) techniques; (2) differences in reading achievement of good and poor readers; and (3) differences in reading achievement of field-independent and field-dependent subjects. Second-semester English Department students at four private universities in Surabaya, Indonesia, were tested. The following findings are noted: (1) the AO technique can improve reading comprehension when compared to DKP techniques, but not when the test items measure only the ability of near transfer; (2) in multiple-choice and cloze-diagram tests, poor readers do not show much improvement in comprehension, but the AO technique could improve their comprehension; and (3) field-independent subjects have better reading achievement than field-dependents, but the AO technique can further improve the latter's comprehenison. A reading test is included. Contains 44 references. (LB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Indonesia; Keyword Method (Second Language Learning); Prereading Exercises
Note: Paper presented at the Regional Language Centre Seminar (Singapore, April 22-28, 1991).