ERIC Number: ED337819
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Vehicles to Belief: Aristotle's Enthymeme and George Campbell's Vivacity Compared.
The central concepts from two rhetorical systems (the enthymeme in Aristotle's rhetoric and vivacity in George Campbell's) may be understood as the connection between speech act and ascension to belief. A review of the literature indicates a gap in the scholarly works seeking to compare and contrast the periods developed by D. Ehninger's systems approach to rhetoric and the method used to discern the periods. George Campbell's writings reflect the period of the Enlightenment in which he lived. Campbell's objective is to understand how the mind is able to receive external stimuli. The key element of communication is vivacity (a feeling created by language use, pathetic circumstances, and sympathy that agitates the passions). Vivacity works as a vehicle to belief when it strengthens reason with passions that brings hearers' minds closer to the thoughts of the speaker. The elements of enthymemes are shaped into modes of proof--ethos, pathos, and logos. The parallel elements of the enthymeme and vivacity are: the notion of probability; Aristotle's maxims and Campbell's auxiliary passions; Campbell's language use and Aristotle's logos; and Aristotle's ethos and Campbell's sympathy. Aristotle and Campbell suggest different paths by which reason leads to knowledge. Rhetorical ends for Aristotle are probable truths and for Campbell moral evidence. The enthymeme and vivacity, though different in structure, use similar elements of emotional appeals and credibility of the speaker to reach the mind of the hearer, utilizing reason and emotion to create belief. (Sixty-two notes are included.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aristotle; Campbell (George); Classical Rhetoric; Enlightenment Thought; Enthymeme
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Communication Association (Chicago, IL, April 11-14, 1991). Best available copy.