ERIC Number: ED337729
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Biology, Violence, and Antisocial Personality.
Aggressive and antisocial behavior have persisted as significant social problems. In response, a voluminous amount of research has been generated in an attempt to discover the causes of such behavior. Previous studies have examined separately the role of perinatal biology in the etiology of violent criminal behavior and the etiology of Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASP). This study brought together those two studies in order to test the hypothesis that violent behavior and ASP may result from different etiological factors. The two studies used Danish birth cohorts to examine both perinatal health and violent, aggressive, and antisocial behavior later in life. In the first study data were gathered from 256 male subjects in a Danish perinatal study. This study indicated that birth complications were strongly related to violent criminal offending, especially to recidivistic offending. The second study sought to determine if there was a relationship between ASP and perinatal difficulties. Danish male subjects (N=94) were part of a study focusing on the comparative behavior of high- and low-risk boys. The results of the study suggested that ASP was unrelated to birth complications. The contrasting findings (positive findings of a relationship between perinatal factors and violent criminal behavior versus negative findings when the diagnosis of ASP is used) implies that ASP and violent criminal behavior may have different etiologies. Findings such as these studies suggest may result in a re-examination of the purpose and utility of a diagnosis such as Anti-Social Personality Disorder. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Hampshire Univ., Durham. Family Research Lab.