ERIC Number: ED337727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Destructive Behavior in Women.
Kessel, Greer; Chrisler, Joan C.
Trichotillomania (hair-pulling) and delicate self-cutting are self-destructive behaviors which utilize the body as a vehicle for self-expression. Like anorexia and bulimia, these behaviors occur primarily in young women. This study compared groups of women college students who engage in these self-destructive behaviors with those who do not. It was hypothesized that the self-destructive women would have lower self-esteem, higher scores on a depression inventory, a greater tendency to repress their anger, and be more likely to engage in other harmful behaviors. Women college students (N=24) completed the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, the Texas Social Behavior Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Body Image Questionnaire and the Eating Disorders Inventory. They also completed a demographic questionnaire, and answered questions relating to eating behaviors and history of sexual abuse. There were no significant differences between the groups on either the state or trait anger inventories or the on self-esteem. As hypothesized, the self-destructive women obtained significantly higher scores on the depression inventory. They also reported significant concerns about their body image. Forty-six percent of the self-destructive women reported that they used drugs, while drug use was reported by only 9 percent of the non-self destructive women. The groups did not differ in their reports of sexual abuse or belief that they had an eating disorder. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hair Pulling
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (62nd, New York, NY, April 11-14, 1991).