ERIC Number: ED337435
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Promoting Cognitive, Critical, and Narrative Reflection.
Sparks-Langer, Georgea Mohlman; And Others
The paper reviews literature on three orientations to teachers' reflective thinking (cognitive, critical, and narrative). The cognitive approach includes studies of teachers' information processing and decision making, emphasizing how teachers make decisions. The critical approach has its roots in problem framing and ethical and moral reasoning. It stresses the substance of decisions made by examining teacher experiences, values, sociopolitical implications, and goals. The teacher narrative approach refers to teachers telling their own stories via naturalistic inquiry, case studies, and action research. The three aspects illustrate how the field of research on teaching is moving from a predominantly behavior-oriented paradigm of teaching to a reflective paradigm. The paper presents four studies of reflective thinking to illustrate what is being learned and promoted on the subject: (1) a description of prestudent teachers' reflective thinking; (2) a comparison of prestudent teachers' reflective thinking; (3) growth in inservice teachers' reflective thinking; and (4) growth in novice teachers' reflective thinking. Guided field experiences with writing, thought, discussion, and a coherent view of reflective thinking can help future teachers analyze and interpret classroom experiences. Teacher workshops and coaching develop the ability to use principles and context to explain their actions. An appendix provides more detail on the first study. (SM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Literature Reviews, Moral Values, Personal Narratives, Preservice Teacher Education, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Improvement, Thinking Skills, Value Judgment
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reflective Thinking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).